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I downloaded some files onto desktop. After typing ls under the Desktop directory, I can see these files. However, I cannot see the icons on my desktop corresponding to the files I see with ls. I use CentOs.

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check that the /Desktop directory that you type ls on isn't of the root user or any other user that the desktop. – Hanan N. Dec 14 '11 at 20:13

I can think of two possible issues:

  1. If you have no icons at all on your desktop, you might have accidentally turned them off (ie, made them not appear). Gnome can do this which is the default desktop environment CentOS ships with I think

  2. If there are other icons, then you are probably running ls in a Desktop directory which isn't your own but another user's (as @Hanan N. suggests, it could be roots). cd into the Desktop directory and look at the output of pwd. It should be /home/<your_username>/Desktop.

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Hi, I just check my Desktop directory, it is /home/myself/Desktop – bit-question Dec 14 '11 at 21:30
Can you post the output of ls -l /path/file, where path is the path to the file and file is the file itself. – n0pe Dec 14 '11 at 21:38
ls -l /home/myself/Desktop/Note_ch6.pdf ls: /home/myself/Desktop/Note_ch6.pdf: No such file or directory – bit-question Dec 15 '11 at 14:58
So the file definitely isn't there. Either the desktop directory you were looking at at the beginning and the directory displayed ON your desktop are not the same. I would copy/move the file over from the non-visible desktop directory to your GUI desktop directory. – n0pe Dec 15 '11 at 15:01

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