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How can I write all the scrollback in a tmux session to a file?

capture-panel can grab the current screen, but not the entire scrollback.

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up vote 26 down vote accepted

This depends on the value of history-limit that you have set in your .tmux.conf - the default is 2000; if you wish to capture more, you will need to explicitly set the number of lines.

To capture the entire scrollback, enter copy mode, select the entire scrollback, and yank it into the buffer, then paste it into your file.

How you accomplish this will depend on the mode-keys option you prefer, vi or emacs. man tmux has a helpful table describing the respective keys.

I have the following in my .tmux.conf to simplify this:

unbind [
bind Escape copy-mode
unbind p
bind p paste-buffer
bind-key -t vi-copy 'v' begin-selection
bind-key -t vi-copy 'y' copy-selection

The process for capturing the full scrollback is then:

PrefixEsc : to enter copy mode

v : to begin visual selection (assuming you are already at the bottom of the screen)

gg : to capture everything in the scrollback

y : to yank it into the buffer

Prefixc : open another tmux window

vim scrollback.txt

i : enter insert mode in vim

Prefixp : paste into file

There is also an answer here describing how to copy the buffer to a temporary file using xsel that might be useful.

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This is problematic at best … pasting into insert mode in Vim has all kinds of problems, e.g. when you have automatic indentation enabled. I never got this to work to my satisfaction. – Konrad Rudolph Jan 21 '15 at 16:19
If you use :set paste in vim, vim will ignore adding automatic indentations or any insert-based keybindings. – tlunter Feb 4 '15 at 21:18
@tlunter nice tip! – jasonwryan Feb 4 '15 at 23:10
Can this be done with default key bindings? – daveloyall Nov 5 '15 at 17:00
@daveloyall Of course, just don't use the keybind options I included from my .tmux.conf... – jasonwryan Nov 5 '15 at 17:14

With tmux 1.5, the capture-pane command accepts -S and -E to specify the start and end lines of the capture; negative values can be used to specify lines from the history. Once you have the data in a buffer, you can save it with save-buffer.

Here is an example binding (suitable for .tmux.conf) that wraps it all up with a prompt for the filename:

bind-key P command-prompt -p 'save history to filename:' -I '~/tmux.history' 'capture-pane -S -32768 ; save-buffer %1 ; delete-buffer'

This captures (up to) 32768 lines of history plus the currently displayed lines. Starting with tmux 1.6, you can use numbers down to INT_MIN if your pane has a history that is deeper than 32Ki lines (usually up to 2Gi lines). Starting in tmux 2.0, you can use capture-pane -S - to mean “start at the beginning of history” (i.e. no large, hard-coded negative number).

Note: The number of lines in the saved file will not always be equal to the pane’s history limit plus its height.

When a pane’s history buffer is full, tmux discards the oldest 10% of the lines instead of discarding just one line. This means a pane’s effective history depth will sometimes be as low as 90% of its configured limit.

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Thanks for the answer… But my version of tmux doesn't accept -S to capture-pane (it appears to be 1.3-2, although that's from dpkg, as I can't figure out how to get tmux to show me a version number…) – David Wolever Dec 12 '11 at 5:40
You probably are running tmux 1.3; you can probably use tmux server-info | head -1 to see your version. tmux -V works in tmux* 1.4 and later. – Chris Johnsen Dec 12 '11 at 8:03
This is by far one of the most useful tmux commands I have found. – kenny Jul 19 '12 at 19:03
And if you are already in your tmux window and don't want to restart just do a [PrefixKey] : to get to the tmux command line, and then paste the whole line, then you just do a [Prefix] P it is capital P and you are good to go. – Ali Dec 17 '13 at 21:43

I had standard key bindings which appeared to be a bit different than in @jasonwryan's answer and didn't change anything in config.

Below is recipe that worked for me. Maybe you will find it useful if you don't want to make any changes in tmux config and just want to quickly copy some of the scrollback.

Prefix == Ctrl+b in my tmux (tmux 1.6, debian 7).

  1. Enter select mode: Prefix + [.
  2. Start selection: Space.
  3. Highlight necessary text using vim navigation (for instance, use arrow keys or press gg to reach beginning of output history).
  4. Actually copy in internal clipboard using Enter. You will be exited from copy mode.
  5. Open any file using vim (probably on new tmux tab) and paste content you copied before using Prefix + ].
  6. Then you may do cat of that file or use output how you need.
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For those looking for a simple answer, just use prefix + :, then type in capture-pane -S -3000 + return (Replace 3000 with however many lines you'd like to save.) This copies those lines into a buffer.

Then, to save the buffer to a file, just use prefix + : again, and type in save-buffer filename.txt + return, replacing filename with whatever you'd like.

(By default prefix is ctrl + b.)

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Thanks for this but it doesn't seem necessary to do the "capture-pane" part twice. Did you intend for that to be in the answer? – Roger Dahl Dec 17 '15 at 1:27
Good point -- I updated the answer. – Loren Rogers Dec 17 '15 at 17:16

Here's a tmux plugin that enables this:


After you install it, save the entire scrollback with prefix + alt-shift-p.

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