Take the 2-minute tour ×
Unix & Linux Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for users of Linux, FreeBSD and other Un*x-like operating systems.. It's 100% free, no registration required.

I am trying to learn loops and array manipulation in zsh.

Say I have two arrays in zsh with the same unknown # of elements and each of them containing a list of paths, e.g.

LOCAL_ARRAY=($LOCAL_PATH_1 $LOCAL_PATH_2 $LOCAL_PATH_3)
REMOTE_ARRAY=($REMOTE_PATH_1 $REMOTE_PATH_2 $REMOTE_PATH_3)

I would like to iterate through both arrays simultaneously with a common index, so that I can do something like:

cd $LOCAL_PATH_i
hg pull $REMOTE_PATH_i

in each iteration. How can I do this in zsh?

Also, I have searched for loop control and arrays in the zsh documentation but had little success. Is there a good tutorial that introduces the basics of loops, arrays, etc. in zsh? Something for people with little bash or shell-scripting experience but with a background in programming?

share|improve this question
add comment

1 Answer

up vote 5 down vote accepted

Section 15.2.1 “Array Subscripts” says that arrays can be index with [exp] (where exp is a numeric expression) and that elements start at index 1 (0 if KSH_ARRAYS is set).

Section 14.3 “Parameter Expansion” says that the syntax ${#array_name} will expand to the number of elements of an array.

Section 6.3 “Complex Commands” gives the syntax for a numeric for loop (as in C):
for (( initExpr ; testExpr ; stepExpr )) do … done.

Putting them all together:

for (( i = 1; i <= $#LOCAL_PATH; i++ )) do
    ( # subshell to contain the effect of the chdir
        cd $LOCAL_PATH[i]
        hg pull $REMOTE_PATH[i]
    )
done

Or, if you are using KSH_ARRAYS, then this:

for (( i = 0; i < ${#LOCAL_PATH[*]}; i++ )) do
    ( # subshell to contain the effect of the chdir
        cd ${LOCAL_PATH[i]}
        hg pull ${REMOTE_PATH[i]}
    )
done

Using KSH_ARRAYS makes arrays start with index 0, requires the use of braces for array expressions, and interprets $array as $array[0] (requiring a change to the array length expression). The syntax changes required by KSH_ARRAY will also work without KSH_ARRAY, but you still have to adjust the logic for the different index range (1 through N versus 0 through N-1).

share|improve this answer
add comment

Your Answer

 
discard

By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.