If public key authentication doesn't work: make sure that on the server side, your home directory (
~/.ssh directory, and the
~/.ssh/authorized_keys file, are all writable only by their owner. In particular, none of them must be writable by the group (even if the user is alone in the group).
chmod 755 or
chmod 700 is ok,
chmod 770 is not.
What to check when something is wrong:
ssh -vvv to see a lot of debugging output. If you post a question asking why you can't connect with ssh, include this output (you may want to anonymize host and user names).
- If you can, check the server logs, typically in
/var/log/auth.log or similar.
- If public key authentication isn't working, check the permissions again, especially the group bit (see above).