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What's the best way to confirm that your /etc/hosts file is mapping a hostname to the correct IP address?

Using a tool like dig queries an external DNS directly, bypassing the hosts file.

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hosts files do not map domains....them map specific hostnames to IP addresses. – mdpc Jun 2 '14 at 18:10
@mdpc I edited it to reflect that. Basically the same question though, I was just looking for a way to verify the hosts file entry is working. – Jay Jun 2 '14 at 18:17
up vote 9 down vote accepted

I tried this out and it seems to work as expected:

echo " facebook.com" >> /etc/hosts

Then I ran:

$ getent ahosts facebook.com         STREAM facebook.com         DGRAM         RA

I hope this helps you!

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looks good, thanks! I also found that ping works: ping facebook.com outputs: PING facebook.com ( 56(84) bytes of data. – Jay Jun 2 '14 at 20:19

I found gethostip which accepts either hostname or IP and also has options suitable to print out exactly what you need.

$ gethostip -d facebook
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