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I need to split a file and rename it accordingly using awk command. I'm trying to use the substring command and pass a parameter to awk command but it fails.

for file in *.csv
  split -n 3 -d -a 2 "$file" "$file--"
  for each in $(seq -w 2 10)
        echo $file--$each

  awk -v filestem= ${$file--$each:2:5} '{filename = filestem; print >> filename}' $file--$each
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You have two options

  1. Apply the substring inside awk

    $ awk -v filestem="$file--$each" \
        '{filename = substr(filestem, 3, 6);print >> filename}' 
  2. Set $file--$each to a variable, then substring that variable

    $ filestem="$file--$each"
    $ awk -v filestem="${filestem:2:5}" \
        '{filename = filestem; print >> filename}'
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