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Is it possible execute chmod and ignore error from command

Example ( remark file.txt not exsist to show the example )

When I type

chmod 777 file.txt

I get error on the output

  chmod: cannot access file.txt : no such file or directory

So I add the-f flag to the command as the following: ( file.txt not exist in order to show the case )

  chmod -f 777 file.txt
  echo $?

But from the example chmod return 1

Please advice how to force the chmod command to give exit code 0 in spite of error

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Why is that upvoted? Suppress any unwanted output with 2>/dev/null and use set -e in scripts. –  ott-- Mar 30 at 0:43

2 Answers 2

up vote 8 down vote accepted

Please advice how to force the chmod command to give exit code 0 in spite of error

chmod -f 777 file.txt || :

This would execute :, i.e. the null command, if chmod fails. Since the null command does nothing but always succeeds, you would see an exit code of 0.

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Equivalent, but more readable for a casual user is to use chmod -f 777 file.txt || true –  orion Mar 5 '14 at 11:03
@orion Depends. If one is familiar, then : seems equally readable. –  devnull Mar 5 '14 at 11:04

chmod -f 777 file.txt || true

As it's an OR, if one of the statements returns true, then the the return is true. This results in an exit status of zero.

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I added this answer as an alternative to promote the practice writing readable code. –  Gerry Mar 30 at 0:21
The right branch of || won't get executed if chmod is successful... not that it makes much of a computational difference here. –  dhag Mar 30 at 0:33
Thank you for that. I can't believe I messed that up. :) Edited with the correction. –  Gerry Mar 30 at 1:58

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