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In order for me to configure Samba to use the Windows Active Directory authentication, do I need to join a domain? Can I do that without joining the domain?

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Seems like you should read this: wiki.samba.org/index.php/Samba_%26_Active_Directory – slm Feb 17 '14 at 3:25
It seem to me that it has no way to do it unless I join domain. – huahsin68 Feb 17 '14 at 7:41

I almost didn't answer because the follow-up post looked like a 'bump' post.

You can get AD-like passwords without joining the domain via the pam_smb package. It only does password checking, and doesn't check groups, GPOs, nothing. We've used it in the past, and it coexists with other auth methods well, and even authenticates over a VPN (eg vtun) to a far remote ad box.

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