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What is the difference between using auto.master and having autofs automount your NFS mountpoints versus just putting the info in fstab? Linux Red-Hat 5/6

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up vote 3 down vote accepted

With fstab, the advantage is the remote filesystem will be mounted on system (when the noauto mount option is not used).

Additionally, it depends how the mount point is defined. There are two options which determines the recovery behaviour when the NFS client can't reach the server. With the hard option (default one), the boot process will pause if there is a problem mounting the nfs share and repeated tries are made to mount the share indefinitely. If the soft option is used, then the mount fails after retrans retransmissions have been sent.

On the other hand, autofs only mounts nfs shares when they are needed and accessed.

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That was my understanding of autofs as well; so autofs will react to a stat, or other filesystem request which references that mountpoint by first mounting the NFS volume and then completing the request? Does it immediately unmount the NFS after the operation completes? – Gregg Leventhal Dec 21 '13 at 18:12
@GreggLeventhal autofs can be configured to unmount after a period of inactivity. Setting the timeout to 0 would not be a good idea since it would lead to very frequent unmount-mount cycles when you access two files in succession. – Gilles Dec 21 '13 at 23:51
What is the benefit to that versus leaving it mounted via fstab? – Gregg Leventhal Dec 22 '13 at 15:06

The actual benefit of autofs would probably be that you can boot up your server (and use it) just as normal, even when once a NFS mount is inaccessible. Only the user/application that wants to access the NFS mount will notice the unavailability. While with fstab your server might refuse to boot (hard option), boot very long time (hard option with timeout), or you might have to manually re-mount the unavailable NFS mount each time it failed (soft option). Please someone correct me if I'm wrong...

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I found this article which adds at least one point to this answer: golinuxhub.com/2014/09/… – MrMas Feb 2 at 16:30

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