Less reads its input lazily. When you start it, it only loads the beginning of the input (enough to fill one screen). As you scroll down, Less loads more and more. If you tell Less to move to the end of the input, it loads everything. If the input is a regular file, Less simply seeks to the end, but when the input is a pipe, there's no way to get to the end of the data other than reading everything.
When a program is piping input into Less, a command such as
G to move to the end of the file only returns when the program exits, which can take forever if the program never exits. A command that requires displaying one more line may need to wait for the program to produce that line.
If you press
^C while Less is reading input, Less kills the program, which has the side effect of making it stop producing input. You get to browse through all the input the program has produced.
You can isolate Less from the program to some extent by making the program write to a named pipe. Note that when the program tries to write to the pipe, it will be blocked until Less reads it (just like with a pipeline), and if you exit Less, the program will receive a SIGPIPE signal.
myprogram >f &
When the input is a named pipe,
^C while Less is reading only makes Less pause its reading, it doesn't have an effect on the program.
You can put Less in “follow mode” (like
tail -f), with the
F command, to jump to the end and make subsequent input scroll. That's what happens when you try to scroll past the end of the input available so far; the
F command additionally makes Less forget that it's ever closed the input file. The command
less +F executes the command
F when Less starts, i.e. it starts Less in follow mode.
If you want to be able to browse through the debugging output at your leasure and not affect the program, write the debugging output to a file, and call Less on this file. Moving to the end of the file gets you the output so far, but you can resume reading with the
F command, interrupt with
^C, and read more with
F as many times as you like.