Take the 2-minute tour ×
Unix & Linux Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for users of Linux, FreeBSD and other Un*x-like operating systems.. It's 100% free, no registration required.

In ps xf

26395 pts/78   Ss     0:00  \_ bash
27016 pts/78   Sl+    0:04  |   \_ unicorn_rails master -c config/unicorn.rb                                           
27042 pts/78   Sl+    0:00  |       \_ unicorn_rails worker[0] -c config/unicorn.rb                                        

In htop, it shows up like: enter image description here

Why does htop show more process than ps?

share|improve this question

2 Answers 2

up vote 27 down vote accepted

By default, htop lists each thread of a process separately, while ps doesn't. Turn off the display of threads, press H, or use the “Setup / Display options” menu, “Hide userlands threads”. This puts the following line in your ~/.htoprc or ~/.config/htop/htoprc (you can alternatively put it there manually):

hide_userland_threads=1

(Also hide_kernel_threads=1, toggled by pressing K, but it's 1 by default.)

Another useful option is “Display threads in a different color” in the same menu (highlight_threads=1 in .htoprc), which causes threads to be shown in a different color (green in the default theme).

In the first like of the htop display, there's a line like “Tasks: 377, 842 thr, 161 kthr; 2 running”. This shows the total number of processes, userland threads, kernel threads, and threads in a runnable state. The numbers don't change when you filter the display, but the indications “thr” and “kthr” disappear when you turn off the inclusion of user/kernel threads respectively.

When you see multiple processes that have all characteristics in common except the PID and CPU-related fields (NIce value, CPU%, TIME+, …), it's highly likely that they're threads in the same process.

share|improve this answer

For me, on a more-or-less current arch linux system, ps xf shows me only the processes owned by my user ID. htop shows me all processes. Try ps -ef for a list of all processes, or perhaps ps -ejH to get a child/parent relationship listing.

share|improve this answer

Your Answer

 
discard

By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.