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I want to customize the functionality of cd command as per my needs.

I define following function - function cd () { cd "$@" && pushd "$@"; }

The intent of this function is to automatically push the directory onto the stack so that it saves me the effort to manually type pushd . everytime.

However the above function is an infinitely recursive function as the call to cd is interpreted to be the function itself and not the cd built-in.

How do I reference the cd built-in in this function?

I know that aliases can be escaped using \. What is the way to escape functions or reference built-ins in a more explicit way?

Note: I do not want to rename my function to anything else.

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Why not just alias cd=pushd? What do you expect to happen when you cd to something that isn't an absolute path (eg, cd ../)? – Patrick Nov 27 '13 at 12:36
up vote 2 down vote accepted

The command builtin forces a command name to be interpreted as a built-in or external command (skipping alias and function lookup). It is available in all POSIX shells including bash.

cd () { command cd "$@" && pushd "$@"; }

(Note that this example is a bad one: it doesn't work with relative paths, and you might as well just type pushd in the first place.)

In bash and zsh (but not ksh), you can use builtin to force a command name to be interpreted as a builtin, excluding aliases, functions and external commands.

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Bash has a (builtin) command builtin, which does exactly what you need. Replacing cd with builtin cd in your function will fix the recursion.

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